The nature reserve De Boschplaat is an area of 4400 hectares on the east side of Terschelling where no people live, a border between land, mudflats and sea; a paradise for birds where people are also welcome.
Because of the name, people think that the area would have been forested before. That is not the case. In the old name "forest" actually means "elevation in the landscape" or "dune".
The Boschplaat ("Forest" in the old name "elevation in the landscape" or "dune") was a sandbar, separated from Terschelling by the Koggediep. By silting up the Koggediep, the plate eventually grew on the island. The Boschplaat is now about a third of the island, approximately 10 by 5 kilometers in size.
The nature reserve has been managed by Staatsbosbeheer since 1910. In 1924 the area became a Dutch State Natural Monument and from 1970 the Boschplaat has the status of European Nature Reserve.
What makes the Boschplaat so special is the wide variation of the area, which consists of dune ridges, the Berkenvallei (the largest natural forest in the Wadden Islands), sandbanks, mud flats, bare mudflats, rugged and extensive salt marshes. The salt marsh area is an open area with grasses and herbs and rich in samphire, sea wormwood, sea lavender, sea plantain and sea aster. About 400 different plant species are found in the area.
It is therefore not surprising that in addition to many special plant species there are also many birds. about 65 bird species breed on the Boschplaat. The Boschplaat is partly inaccessible during the breeding season from March 15 to August 15. The sand path along the row of dunes is open all year round. De Boschplaat is also a great place to stay for butterflies, there are no less than 43 species of butterfly species and about 600 micro and moths.